Bull. Jpn. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr. 72(2), Page 101-106, 2008
  Maturation and spawning of the Japanese anchovy in the Sea of Japan off the Tottori coast during spring

Tsuyoshi Shimura1†, Jun Yamamoto2, Haruyuki Morimoto3, Seiji Ohshimo4, Syunichi Shimoyama5 and Yasunori Sakurai6

1 Tottori Prefectural Fisheries Experimental Station, 107 Takenouchidanchi, Sakaiminato, Tottori 684-0046, Japan.
2 Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University, 3-1-1 Minato-cho, Hakodate 041-8611, Japan.
3 Japan Sea National Fisheries Research Institute, 1-5939-22 Suidou-cho, Chuo-ku, Niigata 951-8121, Japan.
4 Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute, 1551-8 Taira-machi, Nagasaki 851-2213, Japan.
5 Tottori Prefectural Sakaiminato Marine Products Office, Sakaiminato, Tottori 684-0034, Japan.
6 Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, 3-1-1 Minato-cho, Hakodate 041-8611, Japan.
e-mail: simura-tu@pref.tottori.jp

The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of maturation and spawning of the Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus, off Tottori, Sea of Japan during spring. The research was based on histological analysis of ovaries and gonadsomatic index (GSI) of female anchovies caught by purse seine fisheries off Tottori and landed at the Sakaiminato fisheries port in 2003 and 2004. In addition, the frequency of anchovy eggs collected during 1995 and 2004 using a NORPAC-net off Tottori by the Tottori Prefectural Fisheries Experimental Station was assessed. Female GSI was positively correlated with body length from April to May, and yolked stage or more matured stage oocytes were found in ovaries of females math_S4.gif"4.7 in GSI and math_S4.gif"11.9 cm in body length. Females with migratory nucleus stage oocytes were 18% of total females in March. More than 90% of total females had nucleus stage or more matured stage oocytes in April and May. Frequency of matured females increased rapidly when the sea surface temperature increased to about 12°C in spring. Anchovy eggs were collected where the SST was between 11.8 and 19.4°C from April to June. This study found that anchovy can spawn in low temperature area off Tottori in spring.

Key words: Engraulis japonicus, Japanese anchovy, Sea of Japan, Tottori, maturation and spawning